Kind Of Java Dance
are a great number of dances of the common people in Central Java.
Those worth mentioning are the topeng dance, the kuda-kepang dance,
the tledek dance and the katoprak dance-drama.
first the ketoprak dance-drama was accompanied only by a very simple
instrument, a lesung, which is an implement for pounding rice. This
dance-drama of the common people emphasizes the drama rather than
the dance and Uses dialogue, songs and Javanese prose. This immensely
popular ketoprak has in the course of time developed very satisfactorily,
and has become a branch of Javanese dance-drama with a high artistic
value. The accompanying instrument is no longer a lesung but a Javanese
gamelan (Javanese music). The stories presented are usually from
Indonesian history or legends.
of celebrations commemorating Independence Day on 17 August 1961
the Indonesian Republic awarded to each of them the Wijayakusuma
award, the highest award in tile arts given by the Republic of Indonesia,
In 1919 an association Was Set up called java-Institute, with the
aim of cultivating and developing Javanese, Balinese and Madurese
art, The Java-Institute has branches in Central Java in Yogyakarta,
Surakarta and Semarang.
since the twenties Javanese dancing, Yogyakarta and Surakarta styles,
has had a most favourable development and its democratic spirit,
has become manifest. The development has been still more rapid and
extensive in outlaying districts since the independence of Indonesia
in 1945. Since independence regional dancing, whether dances, which
can be enjoyed by all members of the Indonesian court-dances or
dance of the common people, have become national society, though
each region has a style of its own.
efforts made to adapt national dances, either from the court or
the common people, to the taste of the new Indonesian society, show
that since independence Indonesian dancing is being modernized.
In the first chapter, the Introduction, modernized. In the first
chapter, the Introduction, this process of modernization has been
explained at lenght.
From the point of view of the historical development of dances in
Central Java, we can classify them into three groups, classical
dances, folk dances and modern dances.
To classical dances belong compositions of court-dances which developed
favourably in the past and which at present are being adapted to
the essence and spirit of modern Indonesian society. To the group
of modern dances belong new dance compositions which did not exist
in the period of Feudal Society (up to 1945).
modern dances may take the form of a solo-dance or a dance-drama.
It is worth nothing that in their cultivation of modern dances both
Surakarta style and Yogyakarta style often take elements of dance-movements
from other non-Javanese styles, as do the gendings (melodies) accompanying
the point of view of material, movements, accompaniment, and the
story presented, Javanese dancing Surakarta style and Yogyakarta
style, can be differentiated into three groups:
(1) Simplification or shortening of classical commpositions.
New dance compositions taking elements of movement from various
dance movements from other classical dances and folk dances.
(3) New dance compositions entirely free from any tendencies
or rules of. classical dancing.
The three dance compositions mentioned obove, all of which are new
in spirit, can be classified again as follows. The first dance compositions
can be grouped under classical Javanese dancing, while the second
and the third belong to modern dancing.
JAVANESE DANCING AND DANCE-DRAMA
the group of Javanese classical dances, Surakarta and Yogyakarta
styles, belong the dances inherited from the courts of the feudal
period, which after independence were adapted to the modern period.